They certainly were not designed to be frontline ships. HMS Fittleton, originally named HMS Curzon, was a wooden-hulled Ton class minesweeper of the Royal Navy which spent most of her career in the Royal Naval Reserve. At first, the Royal Air Force did not have the necessary equipment, personnel, or know-how to operate aircrew recoveries effectively. Design. Fire Breaks Out Aboard U.S. Navy Minesweeper in Bahrain ... She is built of wood and fiberglass to reduce her magnetic signature, making her one of the U.S. Navy's few remaining wooden-hulled vessels. The type proved successful and eventually became the basis for the AMS type of United States Navy minesweeper. A 20mm cannon was added after 1942. Calypso was originally a wooden-hulled minesweeper built for the British Royal Navy by the Ballard Marine Railway Company of Seatle, Washington, USA. She was a BYMS (British Yard Minesweeper) Mark 1 Class Motor Minesweeper, laid down on 12 August 1941. The hulls of the Avenger-class ships are constructed of wood with an external coating of fiberglass.The wood used is oak, Douglas fir and Nootka Cypress because of their flexibility, strength and low weight. No need to register, buy now! This reduces the chance that the ship can be targeted by mines … Although not glamorous they were important for the war effort and proved their worth time and again. Minesweeping is the practice of the removal of explosive naval mines, usually by a specially designed ship called a minesweeper using various measures to either capture or detonate the mines, but sometimes also with an aircraft made for that purpose. I know the on board components were made of that material. The design features an Avenger Class US Navy Minesweeper from the front representing them leading the Fleet into battle superimposed upon King Neptune’s trident symbolic of the USS Chief (MCM-14) Crest. Magnetic mines were best swept using a magnetized cable deployed from wooden-hulled vessels (which did not trigger the mines.) Because of its small size—usually less than 100 feet in length—and construction—wood as opposed to steel—and slow speed—usually about 9 or 10 knots—the coastal minesweeper was considered too fragile and slow to operate on the high seas with the fleet. march 1944, freetown. The day before, the captain had reluctantly scuttled his damaged ship, the wooden-hulled minesweeper USS Quail, and put in at Caballo. In the Gallipoli Campaign, the Royal Navy realized it needed dedicated landing craft, capable of quickly transporting large numbers of troops onto the shore. Minesweepers, however, required wood to avoid the magnetic detonators on many of the naval mines at the time. They were lightly armed with .303 machine guns although this was modified later. At first, the Royal Air Force did not have the necessary equipment, personnel, or know-how to operate aircrew recoveries effectively. Grant, Roderick M., ed (January 1946). Even with these modern metal war machines, a centuries-old industry was brought up to date for the war effort. No need to register, buy now! This mahogany-hulled minesweeper is one of the last of the “wooden walls” (wooden-hulled naval vessels). The current Toronto Drydock, founded in 1989 is a small marine repair facility built from the former Great Lakes pulpwood carrier Menier Consol (built in 1962 and converted as floating drydock after 1984) and located in the eastern Portland area in the Turning Basin along Basin Street and across from the former Hearn Generating Station. The Henry B. Nevins Shipyard, Inc., at City Island, Bronx, designed the YMS and laid the keel of the first one, USS YMS-1, on 4 March 1941. These shallow-draft landing craft were able to drive directly onto a beach, unload their cargo or troops, and in a matter of minutes pull back to the mother ship. Despite the delay, the ASRS fielded 55, and they proved very useful if somewhat slower than the HSLs. These craft had plywood hulls, stainless-steel-alloy engines, and metal fittings of aluminum, brass, or magnesium. "Yard" refered to Naval Yard or Naval Base. They were 115 feet long, well armed and very seaworthy. Many served in the Pacific. They could carry anything including troops, jeeps, and smaller engineering and assault vehicles. Minesweeping is the practice of the removal of explosive naval mines, usually by a specially designed ship called a minesweeper using various measures to either capture or detonate the mines, but sometimes also with an aircraft made for that purpose. A JMSDF spokesperson told Jane’s that the Awaji-class vessels are expected to be in service for more than 30 years while wooden-hulled minesweepers have a service life of about 20 years. the byms (british yard minesweeper), are wooden hull ships of 250 tons, diesel driven, and american built. They carried two 20mm cannons and one 3”/50 caliber gun mount; providing them with just enough firepower to get out of a bad situation. Invasion forces could be landed in hours, rather than days, saving countless Allied lives. The Brazilian Navy operates six coastal minesweepers of the Aratu class. [2] One of their greatest losses occurred on 9 October 1945, when seven U.S. Navy YMSs were sunk in a typhoon off Okinawa. [3] Five YMS's served in the German Navy in different functions for tests, trials, and training; all of them had a civilian crew and were decommissioned between 1975 and 1988.[4]. The first wooden minesweeper of this class was to gain prominence in all theaters during World War II. Wooden warships have been in use since man was able to shape wood to his will. After being decommissioned from service, the ship was purchased in January 1989 by the Bronington Trust, a registered charity, whose patron Charles, Prince of Wales commanded this vessel … MV Pequena was a wooden-hulled minesweeper converted for crawfishing, built in Nova Scotia and 184 gross tons, she was a surprisingly small ship for the long trip between Cape Town and Tristan da Cunha. The Warship Preservation Trust went into liquidation in 2008, however, and for the past two years the mahogany-hulled minesweeper has been docked in Gillbrook Basin, West Float, Birkenhead. The wooden-hulled ships measured 136 feet in length, were powered by two 500-horsepower diesel engines and were armed with one 3 inch / .50 calibre dual purpose gun located on the foredeck, and two single mount 20mm anti-aircraft guns located on … This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. A wooden hulled minesweeper on the other hand would have to actually come into contact with the mine to have that problem. Is a term used by the United States Navy to indicate a minesweeper intended for coastal use as opposed to participating in fleet operations at sea. The U.S. Navy classified dedicated minesweepers as either fleet minesweepers, fast minesweepers, or coastal minesweepers. In contrast to prior steel-hulled minesweepers that served in World War II, these new ships were smaller and constructed mostly of wood with bronze and non-magnetic stainless steel fittings to minimize their magnetic signature. Since these converted fishing boats were not all the same, their specifications varied slightly. The YMS Series (>425) were only given hull numbers during WWII. But the planned minesweeper hunter (MSH) class was a failure, and the program was halted by the Navy on 25 August 1986. Fleet minesweepers were steel -hulled oceangoing ships that were often purpose-built as minesweepers. We see the deep blue waters of the Ocean, lurking ahead of her path we find sea mines hiding beneath the waves. Auxiliary Motor Minesweepers (YMS) were small wood-hulled minesweepers commissioned by the United States Navy for service during World War II.The YMS's were numbered, but unnamed. Built in Germany in the 1970s by yacht - makers Abeking Rasmussen, the wooden - hulled YMS - 1 - class minesweeper of the YMS - 135 subclass built for the United States Navy during World War II. One, T-610 (ex-USS YMS-285), sank in 1945 while in Soviet service, and the Soviet Union transferred two, T-605 (ex-USS YMS-301) and T-611 (ex-USS YMS-287), to the People's Republic of China after striking them from the Soviet Navy list in 1955; during 1955 and 1956 the other 28 were scrapped by the Soviet Union or destroyed off its coast by mutual agreement between the two countries. USS Affray (AMc-112) was an Acme-class minesweeper acquired by the U.S. Navy for the dangerous task of removing mines from minefields laid in the water to prevent ships from passing.Affray -- a wooden-hulled, coastal minesweeper built in 1941 at Tacoma, Washington, by the Tacoma Boat Building Co. was acquired by the Navy late in 1941 and was placed in service on 2 December 1941, … They were built in private yacht enclosures, which were already capable of producing large wooden craft. During Project Hula, the United States secretly transferred 31 of them to the Soviet Union between 17 May and 3 September 1945, and some of these saw action in the Soviet Navy during Soviet military operations against the Japanese between 9 August and 5 September 1945. This article needs additional citations for verification. Siegfried Breyer, Gerhard Koop; Die Schiffe und Fahrzeuge der deutschen Bundesmarine 1956 - 1976; München 1978; Soviet military operations against the Japanese, Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, "Maurice E. Fitzgerald in the Pacific War: the story of a WWII wooden minesweeper, USS YMS 339, and her skipper and crew in the Pacific", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Auxiliary_motor_minesweepers&oldid=994430065, World War II minesweepers of the United States, World War II minesweepers of the Soviet Union, Korean War minesweepers of the United States, Cold War minesweepers of the United States, Cold War minesweepers of the Soviet Union, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 18:00. These boats served with the ASRS until the end of 1944. The wide use by Communist forces during the Korean War of magnetic mines (detonated by the magnetic field of steel ships) led to the development of wooden-hulled nonmagnetic sweepers to replace steel-hulled World War II types. The Royal Navy were using the same craft as Motor Torpedo Boats, so the RAF had to wait for delivery. The first wooden minesweeper of this class was to gain prominence in all theaters during World War II. A steel hulled minesweeper? She was commissioned into the Royal Navy in February 1943 as HMS J … A steel-hulled minesweeper (or any other steel-hulled ship) could be given some measure of protection from magnetic mines using degaussing cables, which were magnetized cables passed around the hull ofthe ship to neutralize its magnetic field. Many of the YMS class were sold to England and the Soviet Union. No need to register, buy now! The majority of these were built by the Elco Naval Division, with 1-inch thick mahogany planking on mahogany frames. The auxiliary motor minesweepers were originally designated yard minesweepers (YMS) and kept the abbreviation YMS after being re-designated. After 1943, the ASRS adopted a new craft, based on the Fairmile Type D Motor Launch. Her displacement is about 300 tons, her draft nine feet. The Accentor-class minesweeper, ... Rather than creating new minesweeping vessels, forty-five wooden-hulled fishing boats were converted into Accentor-class minesweepers. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. On deck, they carried four torpedoes and two twin machine guns in turrets. Acquired by the U.S. Navy on 28 October 1940 and converted into a coastal minesweeper, she was commissioned as Condor on 18 April 1941. On deck, they carried four torpedoes and two twin machine guns in turrets. Wooden Ships Iron Men. Avenger-class minesweepers have their hulls built of wood and fibreglass, rather than metal. Launched on 10 January 1942, YMS-1 was completed two months later on 25 March 1942. In 1950, he converted a former wooden hulled minesweeper called Calypso into an oceanographic vessel, equipped with instruments for diving and scientific research. Surrender, however, was not an option for the career Navy man. Big bucks to order a stainless steel fire extinguisher from Kiddie. When these boats were deployed, they carried more than enough firepower to get the job done, whether it was sinking a battleship or air defense. Many were reclassified (MSC) meaning Minesweeper Costal. 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