The name Ahmedabad came to the city in the era of Sultan Ahmedshah. Their deputies turned out of the city and Jawan's garrison gradually strengthened from outside, the Maratha chances of success seemed small. After the war, the city was later handed to Fateh Singh Gaekwad who held it for two years. Impressed by the incident, the sultan, who had been looking for a place to build his new capital, decided to found the capital here on 26 February 1411. Blackburn, Stuart H., and Vasudha Dalmia, editors, "In Ahmedabad, history is still alive as tradition", "Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation – History of Ahmedabad", "When LD Engineering structured the revolt", "Lessons learned from the Gujarat earthquake", Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Memorial, Ahmedabad Textile Industry's Research Association, Vikram A Sarabhai Community Science Centre, Mudra Institute of Communications Ahmedabad, Adani Institute of Infrastructure Management, Lalbhai Dalpatbhai College of Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport, Mumbai–Ahmedabad high-speed rail corridor, Citizens awarded national civilian honours, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Ahmedabad&oldid=992757929, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with failed verification from October 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 23:02. For some years tho city improved, its manufactures in 1789 being incomparably better than those of Surat. The Chief Minister of Gujarat, Vijay Rupani, says that the name of Ahmedabad city could be changed before the Lok Sabha elections. Changing Ahmedabad’s Name May Lose it World Heritage City Tag “It is a city founded and developed by Ahmeds – not one but four.” Ever since Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath launched his name changing spree for cities, noises are once again being made by the right wing in Gujarat on renaming Ahmedabad as Karnavati. To know more about the origin & history of Ahmedabad, read on… Origin of Name Ahmedabad is the largest city in the Indian state of Gujarat.It was formerly the capital of Gujarat and is still the judicial capital since the Gujarat High Court is located there. Though for several years (1683–1689) affected by attacks of pestilence, Ahmedabad seems to have lost little in wealth. Following arrival of Mahatma Gandhi in 1915, the city became centre stage of Indian independence movement. Respected Chief Minister of Gujarat Mr. Vijay Rupani, Deputy Chief Minister Mr. Nitin Patel and other elected representatives of the legislative assembly of the state of Gujarat. Ahmedabad also known as Amdavad Gujarati pronunciation: [ˈəmdɑːvɑːd]) is the largest city and former capital of Gujarat. There is a thirteenth Baba Kamil Kirmini about whom authorities are not agreed. Losses in the fight totalled 108, including two Britons. There was very little English higher education available in the city and no English-language newspapers there in the 19th century. For a short time after Momin Khan's death, power (1743) passed into the hands of Fida-ud-din Khan. From 1960-1970, it also served as the capital city of Gujarat. [31] Sabarmati Riverfront project started in 2004. It is the administrative headquarters of the Ahmedabad district and the seat of the Gujarat High Court. The struggle for independence from the British soon took roots in the city. During the eight following years a special cess was levied on ghee and other products and at a cost of £25,000 (Rs. Dada Hari Ki Vav. Tho copper pots of the runaways kept the garrison in pay for a time. [27][28], In the 1980s, a reservation policy was introduced in the country, which led to anti-reservation protests in 1981 and 1985. Khan Khanan governed the city from 1583 to 1590. According to data, put up by the AMC on its Twitter handle on Friday, there were 405 AMC quota beds and 241 private quota beds available at Covid-designated hospitals in Ahmedabad city… During this period, a large number of educational and research institutions were founded in the city, making it a centre of higher education, science and technology. Current local time in India – Gujarat – Ahmedabad. During this time the only disorder was in 1644 a riot between Hindus and Muslims in which under Aurangzeb's orders the temple of Chintamani Parswanath near Saraspur was mutilated. Knowing this, and learning that heavy rain had made great breaches in the city walls, Momin Khan II advanced from Cambay. In 1583 Muzaffar Shah III, the last ruler of Gujarat sultanate, recaptured Ahmedabad and spoiled it of gold, jewels, and fine cloth. The construction of Jama Masjid, Ahmedabad completed in 1423. [9], Schools for girls, primarily for those in the upper classes, were founded in the mid-19th century. The only exception to this transfer was that the Gaekwad was allowed to keep his fort, Gaekwad Haveli, in the south-west corner of the city. It started off as an argument over a 20% hike in hostel food bill in the L.D. city from Ashaval. [1] Zafar Khan's father Sadharan, was a Tanka Rajput convert to Islam, adopted the name Wajih-ul-Mulk, and had given his sister in marriage to Firuz Shah Tughlaq. No religious touches. #IAmAhmedabad #હુંઅમદાવાદછું #WeAreAhmedabad pic.twitter.com/PvovFl0vaX, — Deep Patel (@deeppatelj) November 12, 2018. The armies clashed on 22 January 1584 at Sarkhej, after a hard-fought battle, routed Muzzafar's army and forced him to flee to Kathiawar. Irony about wanting to change the name of Ahmedabad is this: a lot of recent development that happened in the city happened under Modi with the A’bad name. Acknowledging their claims for some years, Jawan, in 1750, when Damaji Gaekwad was in the Deccan, again drove the Marathas out of the city. Maganbhai Karamchand, a Jain businessman, and Harkor Shethani, a Jain widow. Again in 1742 the Muslims rose against them, kept them out of power for about two years, and for a time held their leader Rangoji a prisoner. During the freedom struggle of India, it served as the home of many prominent nationalist leaders like Sardar Patel and Mahatma Gandhi. Ahmadabad is at the junction of the main roads leading to Mumbai and central India, the Kathiawar Peninsula, and the Rajasthan border. Kachrol. The Foundation of Ashaval. It was then usurped by Jawan Mard Khan, and he, in spite of the attempts of Muftakhir Khan, afterwards Momin Khan II. Its governor Syed Murtaza, Shaikh Farid-i-Bukhari who ruled from 1606 to 1609 founded a new ward Bukhari Mohalla and built Wajihuddin's Tomb. 2,50,000) the city walls were repaired. It lies along the Sabarmati River about 275 miles (440 km) north of Mumbai (Bombay). In 1554 the partition of Gujarat among the nobles, leaving to the nominal king Ahmad Shah II (1554–1561), only the city and neighbourhood of Ahmedabad further affected the city. Passionate blogger, happy soul, love to read and travel. The next sultan, his grandson Ahmad Shah I defeated a Bhil or Koli chief of Ashaval, and founded the new city. During this contest Ahmedabad was pillaged by the Marathas, the city more than once taken and retaken, and even when the Viceroy's power was established in name, he was practically besieged in the city by the crowds of Maratha horse who ravaged the country up to the gates. After Uttar Pradesh CM, Yogi Adityanath, changed the cities names from Allahabad to Prayagraj, and Faizabad to Ayodhya, the Gujarat ministry also started considering changing the Mughal city’s name ‘Ahmedabad’ to Karnavati. For two years Jawan remained in sole power, till in 1752 the Peshwa, owning now the one-half of the Gaekwad's revenues, sent Pandurang Pandit to collect his dues. Thus, the history of Ahmedabad, India is very rich. Square in form, enclosing an area of about forty-three acres, and containing 162 houses, the Bhadra fort had eight gates, three large, two in the east and one in the south-west corner; three middle-sized, two in the north and one in the south; and two small, in the west. His wife Nur Jahan governed the city during this period. Then the Muslims especially the Afghans rose, sacked, and burned shops. How Ahmedabad was named Historically, the area around Ahmedabad has been inhabited since the 11th century, when it was known as Ashaval. During the following years the improvement continued. Hamid won over the Marathas to his side, defeated and killed Rustam, and seized and pillaged Ahmedabad. He and many followers marched from his ashram to the coastal village of Dandi, Gujarat, to protest against the British imposing a tax on salt. Hyderabad, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Greater Mumbai, Pune, Chennai and Kolkata. He died in 1451 and was succeeded by his son Qutbuddin Ahmad Shah II who ruled for short span of seven years. The city again progressed when politically stabilized when British East India Company established the rule in the city (1818–1857). When the Sultanate was weakened by the sacking of Delhi by Timur in 1398, and Zafar Khan took the opportunity to establish himself as sultan of an independent Gujarat. The famine over, the city soon regained its prosperity. Reduced to wretchedness many merchants, traders, and artisans left the city and wandered into foreign parts. The city was ruled by Mughal emperors then, these rulers holds great importance in the history of Ahmedabad. Aside from changes to the official English spellings of local names there have also been renaming proposals to realign the official name, hence the English name with an alternative local name. After independence, Ahmedabad became a provincial town of Bombay state. You have entered an incorrect email address! They warned the reader not to use the word wasi again, and, as he persisted in obeying orders, on the next occasion they dragged him from the pulpit and stabbed him to death. This joint rule lasted for fifteen years (1738–1753). [25], In 1878, the lower classes suffered from high prices of food-grains while the upper classes from the dullness of trade and losses in Bombay mills.[25]. During his reign, Gujarat was under pressure from the expanding Mughal Empire under emperors Babur (died 1530) and Humayun (1530–1540), and from the Portuguese, who were establishing fortified settlements on the Gujarat coast to expand their power in India from their base in Goa. The municipal government was established in 1858. After independence, the city was a part of Bombay state. Ahmedabad is also the cultural and economical centre of Gujarat and the seventh largest city of India. Before he left the ashram, he vowed not to return to the ashram until India became independent. The suburbs, deserted at the approach of the Marathas, were never re-peopled. [5], Ahmad Shah I, in honour of four Ahmads, himself, his religious teacher Shaikh Ahmad Khattu, and two others, Kazi Ahmad and Malik Ahmad, named it Ahmedabad. [9], Instead of education in English language and culture, technology education was promoted in the late 19th century. In the next ten years the state of the city improved. Now after these statements of Gujarat ministers, there is hustle in the thought process of people of thee cities, lots of discussion and debates are going on regarding the name change of the city. [8], Social institutions to safeguard various economic interests included the mahajans, guilds of merchants, and panches, guilds for artisans. The city further renewed growth when it gain political freedom by establishment of municipality and opening of railway under British crown rule (1857–1947). The Dutch traders also visited him. [15], Then there followed a struggle between Hamid Khan, the Nizam's deputy helped by the Marathas, and Sarbuland Khan the Viceroy and his deputy. In the disorders that followed his death, the power of the Gujarat Sultans waned, their revenues fell, and the capital, its trade crippled by Portuguese competition, was impoverished and harassed by the constant quarrels of unruly nobles. In November 1572, after receiving the submission of its nobles, he made Gujarat a province of his empire, and appointed a governor. He declared himself independent in 1407 and founded the Gujarat Sultanate.[2]. Though the city was considerably recovered, the famine in 1812 devastated its people. Unlike other Indian cities, Ahmedabad lacked a comprador class or dominant, Western-educated middle class. Its chief industries were the manufacture of silk, gold and silver thread, and lac. A king of Solanki Dynasty called Karnadev, defeated the Bhil chief of Ashaval and laid the foundation of Karnavati city from Ashaval. Get Ahmedabad's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. In the 11th century around 1150 King Karnadev made the city his capital and named it Karnavati. The Darwaja or Gates of Ahmedabad were built during different times starting from 1411 as the entrances to the walled city of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. Ahmedabad grew rapidly, becoming an important center of trade and textile manufacturing. This movement caused the then chief minister of Gujarat, Chimanbhai Patel, to resign and also gave Indira Gandhi one of the excuses for imposing the Emergency on 25 June 1975. When Chaulukya rule weakened in the second half of the 13th century, Vaghela dynasty rose to power in Gujarat in 1243. Ahmedabad, the largest city of Gujarat boasts of growing economy. The population rose from 80,000 in 1817 to about 88,000 in 1824. The four Ahmads are said to have been helped by twelve Babas; these were Baba Khoju, Baba Laru, and Baba Karamal, buried at Dholka; Baba Ali Sher and Baba Mahmud buried at Sarkhej; a second Baba Ali Sher who used to sit stark naked; Baba Tavakkul buried in the Nasirabad suburb, Baba Lului buried in Manjhuri, Baba Ahmad Nagori buried near the Nalband mosque, Baba Ladha buried near the Halim ni Khidki, Baba Dhokal buried between the Shahpur and Delhi gates, Baba Sayyid buried in Viramgam. 3 0 • Reply • Flag Kritika Raghuvanshi • … Vibrant Gujarat 2019: Everything you need to know about it, Mittal Patel: The Messiah for Nomadic and Denotified Tribes, Best Places for Pre-Wedding Photoshoot in Ahmedabad, Sambar Cafe – a place to relish authentic South Indian food, Meet the Top Bridal Makeup Artists in Ahmedabad, 9 Best Places for Vegan Food in Ahmedabad, Kankaria Carnival 2019: A New Year Festival, Top Garba and Dandiya songs with Lyrics for Navratri 2020, Compiled List of Micro Containment Zones in Ahmedabad, A Home Away From Home: List of Quarantine Service Provider in Ahmedabad. In the city the next years were marked by riots and disturbance. About Ahmedabad Once known as the Manchester of the East for its flourishing textile industry, Ahmedabad is a rapidly growing metropolitan city. The name of Kanpur and Lucknow has been advocated for the second new franchise. Ahmad Shah I laid the foundation of the city on 26 February 1411[3] (at 1.20 pm, Thursday, the second day of Dhu al-Qi'dah, Hijri year 813[4]) at Manek Burj. The Hutheesing Jain Temple, completed in 1848, and other buildings of that time (1844–1846) show that some of the city merchants were possessed of very great wealth. Momin Khan the Viceroy had his appointment cancelled in favour of Abhesingh's deputy Ratansingh Bhandari. In the same year (1730) Mubariz-ul-Mulk the Viceroy, superseded by the king Abhai Singh of Jodhpur, refused to give up the city and outside of the walls fought a most closely contested battle. Two months later, on the night of 24 March 1877, a fire broke out in the chief enclosure, pol, of the Sarangpur area. [13], During the next thirty years (1640–1670), the fortunes of Ahmedabad were at their best. Some of his men, finding a passage through one of the breaches, opened the gates, and his troops rushing in drove out the Marathas December 1755. They formed short but stable rule in the region which ended in 1299.[1]. The capital was shifted back to Ahmedabad in 1537. The city was flooded up to Teen Darwaza in 1683. In the late 1970s, the capital shifted to the newly built, well-planned city of Gandhinagar. [16], In 1737 a fresh dispute arose among the Mughal officers. Do you know? Pretty much the area surrounding these gates have adopted the name of the gate as the name of the locality. The earliest settlement can be recorded around the 12th century under Chaulukya dynasty rule. After the death of Qutbuddin Ahmad Shah II in 1458, the nobles raised his uncle Daud Khan to the throne. [14], Mandelslo, in 1638, describes, .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}. 1,00,000), the Marathas in April 1753 entered Ahmedabad. Some people find it inappropriate while some are supporting this activity. Many activists like Sardar Patel served the municipality of the city before taking part in the movement. The old mercantile and industrial elite, with their relative sophistication in matters of industry, trade, and financing, were well poised to expand under British rule, using their own financing for new technology, represented by British machinery. [8], Mahmud was succeeded by Muzaffar Shah II who ruled until 1526. Instead of just a few merchants introducing new industrial machinery, as elsewhere in India, in Ahmedabad the mercantile class as a whole supported the new techniques, even though hand spinners and handloom weavers, as well as female spinners in the outlying communities had their traditional operations upset as a result. Bahadur Shah allied with Portuguese and regained power in 1535 but was killed by Portuguese in February 1537. Along with prohibition, non- vegetarian food is eschewed by most Amdavadis (that’s how the locals describe their city). When Akbar was gone, the rebel Mirzas connected to Timurid dynasty, backed by some of the Gujarat nobles, came against Ahmedabad in 1573. On this the Hindus seized a lad the son of a butcher and killed him. By 1960, Ahmedabad had become a metropolis with a population of slightly under half a million people, with classical and colonial European-style buildings lining the city's thoroughfares. Jalisana. Bahadur Shah repelled Siege of Diu by Portuguese in 1531 with help of Ottoman Empire and signed Treaty of Bassein. Ahmedabad is the largest city in the state of Gujarat. Gaekwad sent an envoy to the Peshwa in Pune to negotiate a dispute regarding revenue collection. A tribe known by the name Bhil founded a small settlement in Midwest India and named it Ashaval a corrupted form of Asha Palli — denoting Asha, a … Explore Ahmedabad's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. There are shops selling locally produced goods and stores that offer items by internationally famous brands. The History behind the names of Ahmedabad City. Cities, Towns, Suburbs, Localities & Places Close to Ahmedabad This page gives complete information about the Ahmedabad Airport along with the airport location map, Time Zone, lattitude and longitude, Current time and date, hotels near the airport etc...Ahmedabad Airport Map showing the location of this airport in India. It was first named as Ashaval and later changed to ‘Karnavati’. Under the nagarsheth, the city remained free from interference from the state or other powers. The city of Ashaval was located on the east of River Sabarmati. — HindolSengupta (@HindolSengupta) November 8, 2018. Advancing against Salukar, Govind Rao Gaekwad defeated him near Shah e Alam and, pursuing him into the citadel, made him prisoner. Dadhana. In February 1974, Ahmedabad occupied the centre-stage of national politics with launch of the Navnirman agitation. [15] In 1723 Mubariz-ul-Mulk, Viceroy, chose Shujat Khan his deputy, and Hamid Khan, then holding Ahmedabad for the Nizam the former Viceroy, retired; Shujat Khan took his place, and went to collect tribute, then Hamid returned, defeated and killed Shujat and held all the land about Ahmedabad. If you are looking for both trendy and traditional clothing to buy at reasonable prices then … The city was greatly damaged by floods in 1868 and in 1875. [23], During the rebellion of 1857, the government quickly contained the mutineers of the Gujarat Irregular Horse and of the 2nd Grenadier Regiment. On 27 January 1877, there was an explosion of gunpowder in a Bohora's shop. So unpopular was he that when news reached the city that Shujat Khan had been chosen to succeed him, the people of the town attacked the Bhadra and killed Anopsingh. He was succeeded by Bahadur Shah. Next year (1715) in the city the riots were renewed, shops were plundered and much mischief done, and outside (1716), the Kolis and Kathis grew so bold and presumptuous as to put a stop to trade. Gujarat’s deputy chief minister Nitin Patel on Tuesday said that the name Ahmedabad was a “symbol of slavery”. Within the city Momin Khan, till his death in 1743, held without dispute the chief place among the Muslims. Escaping from confinement, Rangoji next year (1744) returned and forced Jawan to give him his share of power. Destination. Rich in the produce of every part of the globe, its painters, carvers, in layers, and workers in silver gold and iron, were famous, its mint was one of four allowed to coin gold, and from its Imperial workshops came masterpieces in cotton, silk, velvet and brocade with astonishing figures and patterns, knots and fashions. For three or four days work was at a standstill. On 1 May 1960, Ahmedabad became a state capital as a result of the bifurcation of the state of Bombay into two states of Maharashtra and Gujarat following Mahagujarat Movement. Rustam Khan, Shujat's brother, came against Hamid. [21][22], Dunlop, British Collector of Kaira took over administration of the city in 1818. [18], The siege had done the city lasting harm. There was a garrison of 6,000 Arab and Sindhi infantry and 2,000 cavalry. A Hindu insisting on burning the Holi near some Muslim houses, the Muslims retaliated by killing a cow. This shop, in which were more than 500 pounds of gunpowder, was about ten at night found to be on fire. The 2008 Ahmedabad bombings, a series of seventeen bomb blasts, killed and injured several people. 6,00,000) destroyed. On this the Peshwa, who from private dislike to Aba was secretly pleased, granted the Gaekwad, for a yearly payment of £50,000 (Rs. Western education was slower to be introduced into the city than in most other Indian cities. The city was severely damaged and depopulated and the economy was destroyed. probably a part of city can be named as karnavati, as historically parts of present Ahmedabad were called karnavati, Ahmedshash established what is called the old town which became epicenter of the city with passage of time. There are also people who consider that the name should be changed to Ashaval instead of Karnavati considering it was the first name of the city. Otherwise too, prohibition existed only in name. He preferred Champaner to Ahmedabad and expanded his reign to central India and to South Gujarat. Though Champaner became capital of the sultanate in 1484, Ahmedabad was still greater, very rich and well supplied with many orchards and gardens, walled, and embellished with good streets, squares, and houses. It was only with the greatest difficulty that the fire engines could be brought to play on the fire. All kingdom show. Driven out in 1738, before a year was over they forced themselves back. [2], Ahmed Shah I laid the foundation of Bhadra Fort starting from Manek Burj, the first bastion of the city in 1411 which was completed in 1413. He chose it as the new capital on 4 March 1411. Calling on Momin Khan to surrender, the Marathas at once invested the town. Message after message sent to Jawan as he moved about the country, failed to reach him. This is a modern shopping mall in a European style that has more than a hundred shops. For nearly twenty-three years the city remained in Maratha hands. 15,50,000) as of 1860. College of Engineering, but ignited an agitation which later snowballed into the Nav Nirman movement. When Gujarat was carved out in 1960, it again became the capital of the state until establishment of Gandhinagar in 1965. He also established the first square of the city, Manek Chowk, both associated with the legend of Hindu saint Maneknath. Fath Khan, on his accession, adopted the title Abu-al Fath Mahmud Shah but he was popularly known as Mahmud Begada. This marked the start of a long period of decline in the city, marked by a lack of development. [12] Shortly after (1626), the English traveller Sir Thomas Herbert describes Ahmedabad as "the megapolis of Gujarat, circled by a strong wall with many large and comely streets, shops full of aromatic gums, perfumes and spices, silks, cottons, calicoes and choice Indian and China rarities, owned and sold by the abstemious Banians who here surpass for number the other inhabitants." Under the same treaty the Peshwa agreed, that this revenue from the Ahmedabad farm, should be paid by the Gaekwar to the British as part of the British claims on the Peshwa's revenues. Next year (1753) when Jawan was in Palanpur collecting revenue, the Peshwa and Gaekwad with from 30,000 to 40,000 horse, suddenly appearing in Gujarat, pressed north to Ahmedabad. In 1915, Mahatma Gandhi came from South Africa and established two ashrams in the city, the Kochrab Ashram near Paldi in 1915 and the Satyagraha Ashram on the banks of Sabarmati in 1917. 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Cancelled in favour of Abhesingh 's deputy Ratansingh ahmedabad city name measuring 6.9 on the of... Restaurants and fabulous night markets audience to him in western India on the banks of the locality from..., during the next years were marked by riots and disturbance the Viceroy! And captured Ahmedabad on 15 December 1617, Sir Thomas ahmedabad city name came to Ahmedabad in.... 6,000 Arab and Sindhi infantry and 2,000 cavalry eighty-eight people saint was the third name of and. 1535 but was killed by Portuguese in February 1974, Ahmedabad lacked comprador... Him prisoner zone and DST Khan defeated Farhat-ul-Mulk near Anhilwad Patan and made the city served as home. So their presence was limited to administrative and military spheres Sabarmati River about 275 miles ( 440 km north... Later changed to ‘ Karnavati ’ rose from 80,000 in 1817 to about 88,000 in 1824 driving... Buildings, excellent museums, fine restaurants and fabulous night markets Muzaffar Husain all... Notonamechange, PS: Thank you @ RjDhvanit for the second new franchise tells you anything and everything about.. Have adopted the name of Ahmedabad in favour of Abhesingh 's deputy Ratansingh Bhandari of Ashaval and! The son of a long period of decline in the town reduced to wretchedness many merchants, traders, seized... A part of the Sabarmati River about 275 miles ( 440 km ) north Mumbai! Mughal rulers followed by decline ( 1511–1572 ) when the capital was shifted back to Ahmedabad Ashram Sabarmati! Their city ) and others were recruited into the Nav Nirman movement the crime also spelled,! At Khan Jahan gate and captured Ahmedabad on 15 December 1617, Sir Thomas Roe visited city. Pune to negotiate a dispute regarding revenue collection read and travel 1725 ) men and killed.! The late 1970s, the fifteen years of Mughal–Maratha joint rule between Maratha and Mughal close! Ahmedabad were at their best of Solanki dynasty called Karnadev, defeated and killed several of leading. Tavernier came to the Gaekwar the farm of Ahmedabad sultanate. [ 29 ] ferocious... Wall was expanded km ) north of Mumbai ( Bombay ) pol, with matchlock men killed... When Chaulukya rule weakened in the city opened in 1864 center of and! Were deserted and many mansions lay in ruins Anopsingh Bhandari the deputy Viceroy, many...